Diabetes: Why does the blood sugar level suddenly go up and down in the body?

Diabetes Control Tips: Since there is no cure for diabetes, it needs to be controlled with the help of medicines and lifestyle changes. But still many times its level increases or decreases. Let's know the reasons for this.

Diabetes: Why does the blood sugar level suddenly go up and down in the body?

Diabetes Control Tips: More than 7.7 crore people in India are suffering from diabetes, which is why it is called the diabetes capital of the world. There is no cure for diabetes, so many things have to be taken care of to manage it, so that there are no sudden fluctuations in blood sugar levels.

So let's find out why sometimes the blood sugar level suddenly becomes low or high. What could be the reasons behind this. 

What are the reasons for sudden increase in blood sugar level?

Diet and meal times

The kind of food you eat, when you eat and how much you eat all affect blood sugar levels. Eating high carbs quickly increases blood sugar levels. At the same time, eating food sometimes early or sometimes late can also cause blood sugar to go up and down. A study published in The Lancet in 2020 emphasizes the importance of timing of meals, stating that improper timing harms glycemic control. 

Physical activity

Working out has a positive effect on your blood sugar levels because it allows your body to use insulin better. However, too much and too little physical activity can contribute to fluctuating blood sugar levels. For example, intense exercise can cause a temporary increase in blood sugar levels, while stopping physical activity for a long time can lead to insulin resistance, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.

Prescription drugs

Some medicines should also be consumed on time with the right dosage, so that the blood sugar level remains correct. If this is not followed, it can lead to fluctuations in blood sugar levels.

Stress and illness

If you are feeling stressed both physically and mentally, it triggers the release of hormones that increase blood sugar levels. Illness, especially infection, causes the body to produce stress hormones to fight the infection, which also increases blood sugar levels. 

Sleep disorders

A 2011 study published in the journal Diabetes Care found a correlation between sleep duration and glycemic control. Poor sleep quality or irregular sleep patterns can affect blood sugar levels and insulin sensitivity, thereby contributing to glycemic variability.

Disclaimer: The advice and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only. These should not be taken as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.